Niccolo Machiavelli


  • Human nature realist
  • Cruelty is necessary in order to maintain the power of the state.
  • A state is most vulnerable when a new leader takes place and is not yet established in the world.
  • Machiavelli does not advocate cruelty for the sake of cruelty, but instead as a means of holding power and dominance in a state.
  • Asserts that it is better to be loved and feared than just one of the two.
  • Love is fickle. People will forget love at a moments notice and come to hating a ruler.
  • A ruler should never pursue another man's property or his wife.



Hope Charney